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Learning

Science

Science at Key Stage 2

At Edwinstree all children are taught by science specialists in purpose build science laboratories. In years 5 and 6 children have two hours of science a week. We like to take a practical approach to science at Edwinstree and ensure that the skills required to be a good scientist are taught alongside the core curriculum.

These skills encompass:

  • Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  • Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate.
  • Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs.
  • Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests.
  • Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.
  • Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

What topics is my child covering this term in year 5?

  • Forces – Gravity and weight.

Within this enquiry students will cover:

  • The force of gravity.
  • The effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction.
  • The effect that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, have.
  • Earth and space.
    Within this enquiry students will cover.
    The movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system.
    The movement of the Moon relative to the Earth.
    Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon.
    Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky.

What topics is my child covering this term in year 6?

  • Living things (humans)- Circulatory system and healthy lifestyles.

Within this enquirey students will cover:

  • The main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.

  • The impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function.

  • The ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

  • Light

Within this enquirey students will cover:

  • How light travels and how this enables us to see objects.
  • How shadows are produced and why they are the shape they are.

 Websites to visit:

Books to try:

  • Any of the books by Glenn Murphy or the Horrible science books.

Museums to visit

  • The Science Museum
  • IWM Duxford
  • Natural History Museum London.
  • Natural History Museum Tring.
  • Bayfordbury Observatory.
  • Whipple Museum of the History of Science.
  • The Sedgwick Museum of Earth Sciences.
  • The Polar Museum Cambridge.

Video links

  • Science in action- all videos
  • Crash Course Kids YouTube channel

 
Science at  KS3

At Edwinstree all children are taught by science specialists in purpose build science laboratories. In years 7 and 8 children have three hours of science a week as we prepare them for the start of their GCSE’s in year 9. We like to take a practical approach to science at Edwinstree and ensure that the skills required to be a good scientist are taught alongside the core curriculum.

These skills encompass:

  • Scientific attitudes
  • Paying attention to objectivity and concern for accuracy, precision, repeatability and reproducibility
  • Understand that scientific methods change over time.
  • Evaluate risks.
  • Experimental skills and investigations
  • Develop a line of enquiry based on observations of the real world, alongside prior knowledge and experience
  • Make predictions using scientific knowledge and understanding
  • Select, plan and carry out the most appropriate types of scientific enquiries to test predictions, including identifying independent, dependent and control variables, where appropriate
  • Use appropriate techniques, apparatus, and materials during fieldwork and laboratory work, paying attention to health and safety
  • Make and record observations and measurements using a range of methods for different investigations; and evaluate the reliability of methods and suggest possible improvements
  • Apply sampling techniques.
  • Analysis and evaluation
  • Apply mathematical concepts and calculate results
  • Present observations and data using appropriate methods, including tables and graphs
  • Interpret observations and data, including identifying patterns and using observations, measurements and data to draw conclusions
  • Present reasoned explanations, including explaining data in relation to predictions and hypotheses
  • Evaluate data, showing awareness of potential sources of random and systematic error ? identify further questions arising from their results.
  • Measurements
  • Understand and use SI units and IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) chemical nomenclature
  • Use and derive simple equations and carry out appropriate calculations
  • Undertake basic data analysis including simple statistical techniques

What topics is my child covering this term in year 7?

  • Electricity
    Within this enquiry students will cover:
    Current electricity
    Static electricity
    Magnetism
  • Cells and organisation
    Within this enquiry students will cover:
    Cells as the fundamental unit of living organisms, including how to observe, interpret and record cell structure using a light microscope.
    The role of diffusion in the movement of materials in and between cells
    The structural adaptations of some unicellular organisms
    The hierarchical organisation of multicellular organisms: from cells to tissues to organs to systems to organisms.
  • Atoms, elements and mixtures.
    Within this enquiry students will cover.
    The particulate nature of matter
    Atoms, elements and compounds
    Differences between atoms, elements and compounds
    Pure and impure substances
    The Periodic Table

What topics is my child covering this term in year 6?

  • Relationships in an ecosystem- inheritance & DNA
    Within this enquiry students will cover:
    Interactions and interdependencies
    Relationships in an ecosystem
    Genetics and evolution
    Inheritance, chromosomes, DNA and genes
  • Chemical reactions
    Within this enquiry students will cover:
    Chemical reactions as the rearrangement of atoms
    Representing chemical reactions using formulae and using equations
    Combustion, thermal decomposition, oxidation and displacement reactions
  • Energy stores and transfers.
    Within this enquiry students will cover:
    Energy changes and transfers
  • Simple machines give bigger force but at the expense of smaller movement (and vice versa):
    Heating and thermal equilibrium
    Other processes that involve energy transfer.
    Energy changes in systems

If you would like to support/ read around the topic you might be interested in the following:

Books to try:

  • Any of the CGP science revision guides with or without workbooks.
  • Any of the books by Glenn Murphy or the Horrible science books.

Museums to Visit

  • The Science Museum
  • IWM Duxford
  • Natural History Museum London.
  • Natural History Museum Tring.
  • Bayfordbury Observatory.
  • Whipple Museum of the History of Science.
  • The Sedgwick Museum of Earth Sciences.
  • The Polar Museum Cambridge.

Video links

  • Science in action- all videos

  • Crash Course Kids YouTube channel